• r2-5-10
    Lower part of small Archaic kore, front. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)
  • r2-5-20
    Lower part of small Archaic kore, side. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)
  • r2-5-30
    Lower part of small Archaic kore, back. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)
  • r2-5-50
    Lower part of Archaic kore, in situ. (Photograph by Larry J. Majewski.)

Lower Part of Small Archaic Kore

580-570 BC, Lydian
Sardis or Museum Inv. No.
Marble, Stone
Object Type
Sculpture Type
Human Figure, Kore, Draped Woman
B-Grid Coordinates
W249 / S390 *89.78
PN/EA, N chapel, found lying front up, used to repair tile floor.

Five near-vertical, straight chiseled folds flank either side of two wide ribbons which fall vertically from the belt. Preserved at the top right and left are bits of double-folded overhang from a himation. In addition to the overhang, there are three incised folds of this upper garment visible on the left side. The chiton arches over the feet, and one of the long skirt folds is engraved in front. The relation of the soft-edged upper himation and the overfold of chiton below is very clear on the proper right side.

The sides are not quite finished. There are irregular ridges of a big drove near the back. The rest is worked over with small multiple-toothed tool. The back is blocked out in rough tooling with large point in the lower part, small point and chisel in light oblique strokes in the middle part. The upper garment has been worked with large point and flat chisel then smoothed and dressed. On the unfinished back the himation is higher over the proper left than the right hip. The chiton swings around towards a back pillar, from which it is separated by a row of deeper point strokes.

This is a close, probably contemporaneous parallel to Cat. 4 (figs. 11-12), but as C.H. Greenewalt, Jr., noted, that piece is much finer as all garment ridges and belt bands are raised in relief and the folds are carried further around the sides toward the back. The proportions of Cat. 5 are dumpier than those of Cat. 4. On the other hand, the latter shows no signs of the double overfold. Clearly, the same type of woman, probably a priestess, is rendered but by two different sculptors. The sculptor of Cat. 5 incises and carves very flatly with a flat chisel as on the sides of the belt; the sculptor of Cat. 4 carves simply but roundly. This is especially clear in the upper garment on the left side. Both pieces are unfinished at the back but in quite different ways: Cat. 4 has a clearly described pillar; Cat. 5 carries the upper garment around the back and suggests a swing of drapery over the lower part of the pillar.


Large-grained marble, probably local, with red iron accretion.

Upper and lower parts and feet broken off.

P.H. 0.285; W. at feet 0.173. at jacket 0.183; D. 0.09
See Also
Published: BASOR 215 , 41, fig. 11.