Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from near Kendirlik
The Lydians and their World (2010) Cat. 133
- Late Lydian (Persian)
- Manisa, Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, 6277-6287
- Museum Inventory No.
- Object Type
- Jewelry and Ornaments
- Sarcophagus near Sarıkız
- Collection of gold ornaments and jewelry, belonging to one or more fabric items. According to Roosevelt (Roosevelt 2003, 632): “eight fragments probably belonging to various items of jewelry (two small pins or pegs with spherical heads (MM6283), two pomegranate bead pendants with cylindrical ribbed tubes (MM6284), and four other pendants with cylindrical ribbed tubes and small pins or pegs decorated with six-petal rosettes (MM6285) and assorted forms of stamped à jour appliqués. In addition to one figure of a winged bull, with human head and horns (lamassu?; MM6277), 25 lotus buds (MM6281), 26 lotus flowers (MM6282), and 41 crescent-shaped chain sections (MM6279) probably formed a lotus chain with alternating buds and flowers. Forty-one small eight-petal rosettes also may belong with this design group (MM6280). The configuration of the large number of remaining rosettes is unknown: 29 with eight petals each (MM6278), seven with pins or pegs (MM6286), and 192 with four petals each (MM6287).” Many items are pierced for attachments to fabric.
- The tradition of decorating fabric with gold appliqués is well-known in Lydia, particularly in the Persian period, but it goes back to ancient Near Eastern traditions (see Özgen and Öztürk 1996, 166-7). Broadly similar examples are found in tombs at Sardis (in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum), the tumulus tombs around Uşak, particularly Toptepe (No. 182), and from the sanctuary of Artemis at Ephesus (Nos. 141-142). This is a particularly rich example with a wide variety of motifs.
These examples were recovered in 1976 during a salvage excavation of a looted sarcophagus from a tumulus group near Kendirlik in Bin Tepe. Other finds looted from the sarcophagus were not recovered.
- See Also
- Meriçboyu, “Lydian Jewelry”; Baughan, “Lydian Burial Customs”; Özgen, “Lydian Treasure”.
- Dusinberre 1997, 199; Dusinberre 2003, 262-3; Roosevelt 2003, 631-2.