• r2-249-10
    Double-sided herm with kouros figure on one side and herm on the other, Berlin Staatliche Museen 883. (Staatliche Museen, Berlin izniyle)
  • r2-249-20
    Double-sided herm with kouros figure on one side and herm on the other, Berlin Staatliche Museen 883, drawing from Berlin Beschreibung, 354, no. 883. (Berlin Beschreibung, 354, no. 883’dan; Staatliche Museen, Berlin izniyle)

Bir Tarafta Kouros Figürlü Diğer Tarafta Herm Figürlü Çift Taraflı Herm

1st or 2nd C. AD, Roma
Müze Envanter No.
Sardeis veya Müze Env. No.
Berlin 883
Mermer, Taş
Eserin Türü
Heykelin Türü
Bulunduğu Yeri
Extracted from a wall where it was reused as a spoil, in the "village of Sardis." Given to Berlin museum by H. Spiegelthal, 1873.

The kouros, treated as a frontal relief, stands with both feet together and both arms down the sides. A strand of hair remains on his r. shoulder. The neck, chest, and abdomen are outlined in a sharp, linear fashion. The pubic hair is somewhat stylized. The herm side is quite flat except at the base of the neck; only the outlines of a projecting penis and arching feet remain.

W. Deonna interpreted the piece as transitional between the aniconic funerary stele and the archaic funerary statue; L. Curtius and M. Collignon saw it as a forerunner of the archaic herms datable ca. 530-500 B.C. Only recently H. Wrede rightly recognized that the piece is not archaic but archaistic and that it formed part of a "herm fence," a decorative device popular in the Roman Imperial period. This piece has a relative in a herm from Philadelphia in Manisa. Wrede gives a precise description with literature and discusses the known examples of "herm fences." As to the meaning of the piece, it is still possible that the herm reflects local images of an archaic Apollo and a (local?) Hermes.


Coarse-grained bluish marble.

Both heads are broken off. Kouros side: parts of arms and toes of l. foot damaged. Herm side: penis and pubic hair and feet broken off. The arm stumps were fastened by dowels at shoulder level; circular dowel holes with traces of leading survive at sides of shoulders. The rectangular pillar was slotted on both sides, from bottom to elbow H., for attachment to a "herm fence." The arrangement is shown in the drawing (Fig. 432).

P.H. 1.23; W. at top 0.31, at bottom 0.22; Th. 0.19.
Ayrıca bakınız
Published:, no. 883; Curtius, Antike Herme, 18, figs. 12-14; W. Deonna, Apollons archaiques, 18; Collignon, Statues funeraires, 47, fig. 20. Picard, Manuel I, 229, 234; R. Lullies, Typen der Herme, 38; Wrede, Spatantike Hermengalerie, 130, no. 11c.