Inscribed Fragment (from fills over marble collapse from late antique Spolia Wall): Part of a “Lydian Chronicle”
- 2nd–3rd century AD?, Roman
- Sardis or Museum Inv. No.
- Marble, Stone
- Object Type
- Architecture, Inscription
- Inscription Type
- Inscription language
- Inscription Text
- - - - ]Ο̣ΣΗ[ ]Α̣ Ἡρακλε̣[- ν]εικᾷ Κόρο[ιβος 4 ]ΟΝ ἀφ᾿ οὗ ΑΙΙ̣[ ]αδες – Δ[ ]Η̣Σ Σαδυάτ̣[(τ)- ] π̣αῖδες Ι̣[ 8 ]ν̣ες ἠρξ[- ]ΕΚΑΔΟΥ[ ]ΜΟΥΑΛ̣Ι̣[ ]Ν̣ΟΑΡΔ̣[ 12 ]ΨΕΟΣ[ - - - -
- Inscription Translation
- “[- - -] Herakle[- - -] Koro[ibos] is victorious [- - -] since [- - -] Sady-
at[(t)es - - -] children [- - -] ruled [- - -] the (aforementioned) Ard[ys (?) - - -].”
- Inscription Comment
- F55 13.1
- F55 13.1 Locus 12
- B-Grid Coordinates
- E778.35 / S182.15 *128.958
- Field 55, east side of the Wadi B Temple terrace, fills over marble collapse from the late antique Spolia Wall.
Fragment of grayish-white marble; broken on all sides. Shaky, careless script.
- H. ca. 0.25, max. W. 0.11, Th. ca. 0.05, H. of letters 0.01–0.011.
The possible mentions of the Ἡρακλεῖδαι (l. 2?, cf. Herodotus 1 7; there is, of course, also the possibility of a mention of Herakles), of Σαδυάτ(τ)ης (l. 6), and of ὁ Ἄρδ[υς] (l. 11?) point to the early Lydian history. The word “children,” παῖδες (l. 7), and an aorist form of “to rule,” ἄρχειν (l. 8), fit the possible narrative.
The excellent restoration of l. 3: [ν]εικᾷ Κόρο[ιβος] (“Koroibos is victorious”), suggested by M. Ricl (per litt.) takes us to the year 776 BC. It was then that Koroibos from Elis won the stadium race in the first Olympic contest; see L. Moretti, Olympionikai, i vincitori negli antichi agoni olimpici (Memorie dell’Accademia dei Lincei, 1957), p. 59, no. 1.
The occurrence of the phrase ἀφ᾿ οὗ (l. 4, “since”) may suggest that the reported events were presented in the form of a chronicle (cf. the Marmor Parium, IG XII 5, 444); Ricl considers [πρῶτ]ον ἀφ᾿ οὗ αἱ [ - - - Ὀλυμπι]άδες (“for the first time since the - - - Olympic contests”).
For a possible connection with no. 578 see the commentary there.
- See Also
- See also: M14, No. 578.
- Unpublished. (See now Thonemann 2020.)